Speech Therapy (ST) is the treatment of communication impairment and swallowing disorders.
ST services facilitate the development and maintenance of human communication and swallowing through assessment, diagnosis, and rehabilitation.
Glossary of terms:
Anomia: Word finding and word fluency disorders; inability to name or retrieve the appropriate word upon confrontation.
Aphasia or Dysphasia: The loss or impairment of language following brain damage.
Aphonia, Dysphonia: The absence or abnormal production of voice quality, pitch, loudness, resonance and/or duration. This may be due to disuse or abuse of the vocal mechanism or damage to its anatomical structure (i.e. cancer, vocal nodules, polyps, vocal cord paralysis or hyperfunction).
Apraxia, Dyspraxia: A disorder resulting from cortical damage, affecting the ability to volitionally control motor programming. There is no associated weakness.
Aural rehabilitation: Services and procedures for facilitating adequate receptive and expressive communication in individuals with hearing impairment.
Broca's Aphasia: Impaired language due to an anterior left hemispheric lesion resulting in nonfluent utterances, restricted vocabulary, articulation errors, and relatively spared auditory comprehension.
Cognitive linguistic impairment, Cognitive‑communicative disorder: Disabilities encountered in a person's language and conceptual framework that impede his/her functional ability to interact verbally and nonverbally with the environment. Such impairments are congenital or acquired.
Dysarthria: A group of neurogenic speech disorders resulting from damage to the central or peripheral nervous system, causing disturbances in muscular control of the speech mechanisms that affects respiration, phonation, resonance, articulation, and prosody.
Dysfluency, Fluency disorder: The abnormal flow of verbal expression; interruption of smooth flow of speech.
Dysphagia: Difficulty in the entire act of deglutition from placement of food in the mouth through the oral and pharyngeal stages of the swallow, until the material enters the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal juncture.
Dysphonia, Aphonia: The absence or abnormal production of voice quality, pitch, loudness, resonance and/or duration. This may be due to disuse or abuse of the vocal mechanism or damage to its anatomical structure (i.e. cancer, vocal nodules, polyps, vocal cord paralysis or hyperfunction).
Dyspraxia, Apraxia: A disorder resulting from cortical damage, affecting the ability to volitionally control motor programming. There is no associated weakness.
Fluency: The smooth flow of speech sounds in connected discourse, without interruptions or repetitions.
Hearing impairment: A hearing disorder whether fluctuating or permanent, which adversely affects an individual's communication performance. The hard of hearing individual relies upon the auditory channel as the primary sensory avenue for speech and language.
Stutter: To speak dysfluently; to enunciate certain words with difficulty and with frequent halting and repetition of the initial consonant of a word or syllable.
Wernicke's Aphasia: Loss of language due to posterior left hemispheric lesion resulting in an inability to comprehend language, and characterized by fluent non-meaningful speech.